The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) ratified today, without a vote, on a resolution on the issue of the Moroccan Sahara. The resolution had been ratified last October by the Fourth Committee as the UNGA renewed the UN’s support for the a search to a negotiated political solution to the issue based on the standards of negotiations the UN Security Council (UNSC) set in 2007.
This resolution confirmed that the UNGA “supports the series of negotiations which began in accordance with Resolutions 1754 (2007), supported by Resolutions 1783 (2007), 1813 (2008), 1871 (2009), 1920 (2010), 1979 (2011), 2044 (2012), 2099 (2013) and 2152 (2014), issued by the UNSC in order to reach a political solution that is just, lasting and acceptable to all parties.” It also acknowledged the efforts made in this regard.
In particular, the resolution calls for countries of the region to fully cooperate with the efforts undertaken under the supervision of the UN and with each other in order to reach an acceptable political solution by all of the parties to the regional conflict over the Sahara.
The resolution also called on the parties to continue to show the political will and to operate in an atmosphere of dialogue in order to enter with good faith and without preconditions into a phase of even more intensive negotiations, taking into account the efforts made and developments that have occurred since 2006 in order to ensure the implementation of the aforementioned UNSC resolutions.
The UNGA supported the UNSC’s approach since ratifying Resolution 1754 (2007), in reference to Morocco’s provision of its autonomy initiative in the Sahara, which has garnered praise from the executive body and the entire international community as a serious and credible initiative to finally settle the regional conflict over the Sahara.
Through its support for the UNSC resolutions, including Resolution 2152 (April 2014), the UNGA has adopted the fixed norms determined by the UNSC to reach a final solution to this issue, which the resolution describes as a “disagreement.”
A number of observers confirmed that by ratifying this new resolution, the UNGA has joined the UNSC in its call for other parties, which remain in a locked in a rigged and extremist position, to express the necessary political will to contribute to reaching a consensual political solution under UN auspices.
Translated by Kevin Moore.
Access original article here.
Morocco’s official government spokesman has denied Amnesty International’s recent accusations of torture in the kingdom, stating that a previous UN report proved that torture is not practiced and actually praised the country for its commitment to protecting and advancing a culture of human rights. Continue reading
Protesters and security forces clashed in the Western Saharan capital of Laayoune following peaceful protests by supporters of the Polisario Front who were calling for self-determination and the expansion of the UN mission in the disputed territory. This comes at a time when Morocco has been moving towards oil extraction in the Atlantic off the coast of Western Sahara, and the UN seems to be moving to monitor human rights abuses through MINURSO. Continue reading
See video transcription and translation below. Continue reading
Morocco has renewed French petrol company Total’s licence to prospect for oil off the coast of Moroccan-controlled Western Sahara. Morocco annexed the territory following Spain’s withdrawal in 1975. A UN-brokered ceasefire was reached between Morocco and the Polisario Front, on the condition that a referendum about self-determination be held. No referendum has been held to this day, and supporters of Sahrawi self-determination say that Morocco is strengthening its control over the region by granting oil contracts. The Polisario Front considers the licences granted to French Total and American Kosmos to prospect for oil illegal. Continue reading
Saudi Arabia’s permanent mission to the United Nations has requested an emergency session to be held in order to listen to reports from a number heads of UN departments and international organizations on the situation in Syria. Continue reading
The reunification of Yemen in 1990 left a gap in the legal system in regards to legal marital age of girls. Opposed by clerics and Islamist parliamentarians, progressives and human rights organizations are attempting to push a new law into effect.
تقرير للأمم المتحدة يصف أوضاع حقوق الإنسان في العراق بالهشة
حذّر تقرير أصدرته الأمم المتحدة عن أوضاع حقوق الإنسان في العراق , من أن أعمال العنف المسلحة والانتهاكات الصامتة لحقوق الإنسان لا تزال تلحق الضرر بشرائح كبيرة من السكان , ويدرس التقرير الذي أصدرته مؤخرا , بعثة الأمم المتحدة لمساعدة العراق (يونامي) ومفوضية الأمم المتحدة لحقوق الإنسان مجموعة من القضايا ذات العلاقة بحق
وق الإنسان بما في ذلك أثر النزاع المسلح وأعمال العنف على المدنيين، فضلاً عن الاعتقالات وسيادة القانون وحماية حقوق مجموعات معينة , كما يُغطي هذا التقرير أوضاع الحقوق السياسية في البلاد بما في ذلك الحق في التجمع والتعبير , وقد أشار التقرير إلى أن هناك العديد من التحديات لا تزال ماثلة , وأوضح التقرير أن انتشار الفقر والركود الاقتصادي وشح الفرص والتداعيات البيئية والافتقار للخدمات الأساسية هي بمثابة انتهاكات صامتة لحقوق الإنسان..تتمة ص4
A UN report describes Human Rights situation in Iraq as Fragile
A report issued by the United Nations about the human rights situation in Iraq warns that armed violence and quite abuses of human rights still damage a large portion of the population. The report recently issued by the UN Aid Mission to Iraq (UNAMI) and the UN Commission on Human Rights examines a group of issues related to human rights, including the impact of armed conflict and violence on civilians, let alone, arrests, the rule of law and protection of the rights of certain groups. This report also covers the situation of political rights in the country including the right to affiliation and expression. The report pointed out that there are many challenges and explained that the spread of poverty, economic recession, lack of opportunities, environmental degradation and the lack of basic services are examples of silent human rights violations.
Article found on ‘page 1‘ of Basaer al-Iraq (Iraqi Insights) 14th October 2013.
NB! Formatting error in the original text has been corrected in the translation.
Translation by Robert Forster
الجمعة, 30 آب/أغسطس 2013 16:00
السبيل – أوضحت وكالة أنباء “أسوشيتد برس” الأميركية، أن إدارة الرئيس الاميركي “باراك أوباما” تستعد لتدخل عسكري محتمل في سوريا بمفردها، بعد قرار مجلس العموم البريطاني، المعارض لمشاركة بريطانيا في عملية عسكرية ضد نظام دمشق، خارج إطار قرارات مجلس مجلس الأمن الدولي.
وأفادت الوكالة أن إدارة الرئيس أوباما، تجري الاستعدادات اللازمة لتدخل العسكري منفرد في سوريا، دون إقامة تحالف دولي من أجل ذلك، بعد العقبات التي ظهرت، في الوقت الذي أوضح فيه مستشاروا الرئيس الأميركي، أن “أوباما” عازم على معاقبة نظام الأسد لاستخدامه أسلحة كيماوية.
وقال المتحدث باسم البيت الابيض “جوش ارنست”، في تصريح له، إن الرئيس الأميركي “باراك أوباما” انتخب لحماية مصالح الأمن القومي الأميركي، مشيراً بذلك إلى إمكانية الرئيس الأميركي من القيام بتدخل عسكري ضد النظام السوري خارج نطاق تحالف دولي.
America prepares unilateral military intervention in Syria
Friday 30th August 2013
al-Sibeel – The American News Agency Associated Press explained that the “Barak Obama” Administration, prepares a possible unilateral military intervention in Syria, after a British parliament decision, against Britain participating in military action against the regime in Damascus, outside the framework of the resolutions of the UN Security Council.
According to the Agency the Obama Administration are making crisis preparations to militarily intervene unilaterally in Syria without the establishment of other states to do so, after obstacles have emerged at a time, U.S. administration advisors explain, when Obama is determined to punish the al-Asad regime for using chemical weapons.
Speaking for the White House, “Josh Ernest” said in a statement, that the American President ‘Barak Obama‘ acted in interests of National US Security, indicating that this is a possibility for the American President to manage a military intervention against the Syrian Regime outside the scope of an international coalition.
Translated by Robert Forster
نشر فى : الثلاثاء 28 مايو 2013 – 2:00 م
آخر تحديث : الثلاثاء 28 مايو 2013 – 2:00 م
- هدير الحضري
قال اللواء عبد الحميد عمران، الخبير الأمنى والمحلل الاستراتيجى، إن إسرائيل وراء عملية بناء سد النهضة الإثيوبي؛ لأنها ترغب أن تضع مصر فى وضع وصفه بـ«الحرج».
وأضاف عمران، فى تصريحات خاصّة لـ«الشروق»، اليوم الثلاثاء، أن إنشاء السد ينتج عنه عجز كبير فى المياه عجز إلى مصر والدول الإفريقية المتضررة، وهو ما جعله يؤكد على ضرورة اللجوء إلى المحكمة الدولية لحل المسالة، حيث إنه من الصعب القيام بأعمال عنف داخل إثيوبيا لإيقاف عملية بناء السد.
يذكر أن دولة إثيوبيا بدأت اليوم عملية تغيير مجرى النيل الأزرق من أجل بناء سد النهضة عليه.
Security Expert: Israel behind the construction of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to embarrass Egypt
Published: Tuesday, 28 May 2013, 14.00; Other updates: Tuesday, 28 May 2013, 14.00
– Hadir al Hadrii
The security expert and strategic analyst, Major General Abdul Hamid Amran, said that Israel is behind the construction work of the Ethiopian Renaissance dam, wanting to put Egypt in a situation described as critical.
Amran added, in statements exclusive to “Shourouk” on Tuesday, that the dam will create a water deficit in Egypt and other countries affected, which will make it necessary to find recourse in the international courts to find a solution, as it is difficult to carry out acts of violence inside Ethiopia to stop the building of the dam.
He mentions that the country Ethiopia began today the progress of changing the course of the Blue Nile in order to build the Renaissance dam.
Damming the Nile has been a contentious issue for Egypt since the well-being of the Nile is crucial to the country’s survival and it has formed the backbone for civilization for thousands of years.
Ethiopia is moving at a strategic time given the inherently chaotic political situation that Egypt still faces in the Post-Arab spring. Constant changes in high-level government positions and a large section of the population upset with the Muslim Brotherhood’s current place in government, makes the chance for retaliation small in the near future. This aspect being alluded to in the article.
Previously, however, Egypt has gone to extreme lengths to prevent the damming of the Nile, including the funding of Eritrean rebel’s to sabotage projects in their former colonizer, Ethiopia.
The possible effects on the politics of the country could be interesting, as the military may attempt to use Ethiopian actions to revive nationalist sentiment. Evidence of such is seen here: with the indication that Israel, despite the peace treaty, is behind such heinous actions towards the state of Egypt. This could be useful to direct attention away from the domestic sphere, but how effective this strategy will be will be fascinating to see in the future. The majority of articles on the internet seem to admit that the Renaissance Dam will simply be a fact that Egypt has to reckon with and Ethiopia has stated on several occasions that the Dam will not damage the livelihood of the Egyptian people.
The water problem in the Middle East, especially in the Gulf and North Africa, is, however, a serious security matter and as former General Secretary of the United Nations, Petrus Petrus Ghali said, future wars in the Middle East may be fought on the ground of water security rather than political reasons.