نشر فى : الثلاثاء 28 مايو 2013 – 2:00 م
آخر تحديث : الثلاثاء 28 مايو 2013 – 2:00 م
- هدير الحضري
قال اللواء عبد الحميد عمران، الخبير الأمنى والمحلل الاستراتيجى، إن إسرائيل وراء عملية بناء سد النهضة الإثيوبي؛ لأنها ترغب أن تضع مصر فى وضع وصفه بـ«الحرج».
وأضاف عمران، فى تصريحات خاصّة لـ«الشروق»، اليوم الثلاثاء، أن إنشاء السد ينتج عنه عجز كبير فى المياه عجز إلى مصر والدول الإفريقية المتضررة، وهو ما جعله يؤكد على ضرورة اللجوء إلى المحكمة الدولية لحل المسالة، حيث إنه من الصعب القيام بأعمال عنف داخل إثيوبيا لإيقاف عملية بناء السد.
يذكر أن دولة إثيوبيا بدأت اليوم عملية تغيير مجرى النيل الأزرق من أجل بناء سد النهضة عليه.
Security Expert: Israel behind the construction of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam to embarrass Egypt
Published: Tuesday, 28 May 2013, 14.00; Other updates: Tuesday, 28 May 2013, 14.00
– Hadir al Hadrii
The security expert and strategic analyst, Major General Abdul Hamid Amran, said that Israel is behind the construction work of the Ethiopian Renaissance dam, wanting to put Egypt in a situation described as critical.
Amran added, in statements exclusive to “Shourouk” on Tuesday, that the dam will create a water deficit in Egypt and other countries affected, which will make it necessary to find recourse in the international courts to find a solution, as it is difficult to carry out acts of violence inside Ethiopia to stop the building of the dam.
He mentions that the country Ethiopia began today the progress of changing the course of the Blue Nile in order to build the Renaissance dam.
Damming the Nile has been a contentious issue for Egypt since the well-being of the Nile is crucial to the country’s survival and it has formed the backbone for civilization for thousands of years.
Ethiopia is moving at a strategic time given the inherently chaotic political situation that Egypt still faces in the Post-Arab spring. Constant changes in high-level government positions and a large section of the population upset with the Muslim Brotherhood’s current place in government, makes the chance for retaliation small in the near future. This aspect being alluded to in the article.
Previously, however, Egypt has gone to extreme lengths to prevent the damming of the Nile, including the funding of Eritrean rebel’s to sabotage projects in their former colonizer, Ethiopia.
The possible effects on the politics of the country could be interesting, as the military may attempt to use Ethiopian actions to revive nationalist sentiment. Evidence of such is seen here: with the indication that Israel, despite the peace treaty, is behind such heinous actions towards the state of Egypt. This could be useful to direct attention away from the domestic sphere, but how effective this strategy will be will be fascinating to see in the future. The majority of articles on the internet seem to admit that the Renaissance Dam will simply be a fact that Egypt has to reckon with and Ethiopia has stated on several occasions that the Dam will not damage the livelihood of the Egyptian people.
The water problem in the Middle East, especially in the Gulf and North Africa, is, however, a serious security matter and as former General Secretary of the United Nations, Petrus Petrus Ghali said, future wars in the Middle East may be fought on the ground of water security rather than political reasons.